In this post, we start with an overview of "Reasoning by Analogy" question types. We also provide a sample question, accompanied by test prep tips and strategies that every student can use to perform successfully on "Reasoning by Analogy" questions during the official NNAT-2® exam.
Reasoning by Analogy Questions: What To Expect?
With this question type, the child is presented with a matrix of 4-6 boxes containing objects, usually geometric shapes.
To solve the problem, the child must determine how the object changes as it moves across the row and down the column in the matrix. The question may require that the student pay close attention to several aspects of the design (e.g: shading, color, shape) at the same time.
Reasoning by Analogy Sample Question
Reasoning by Analogy Questions: Test Prep Tips
When you first start working on 'Reasoning by Analogy' practice questions with your child, before each question, say to him or her:
“Look at the picture. A piece is missing where you see the question mark. Show me the piece that is missing in the answer choices.”
After a few questions, your child will probably not need this prompt and will spontaneously point to or mark an answer.
Make sure your student knows key concepts that come up in these types of questions, including geometric concepts such as rotational symmetry, line symmetry, parts of a whole.
If your student is finding these items difficult, encourage her to discover the pattern by looking in each direction (horizontally and vertically).
Encourage your student to isolate one element (e.g: outer shape, inner shape/s) and identify how it changes:
Encourage your student to make a prediction for the missing object and compare the description with the answer choices.